Mikhail Guerman traces the converging lines between Russian and French art in this immensely fertile period. 1863 was the year in which Manet's Déjeuner sur l'herbe caused a scandal at the Salon d'Automne, and in which the Itinerants group was formed in Russia to take art to the people and paint the outdoors. 1874 saw the Independent's exhibition at Nadar's art gallery in Paris, and was the year in which Pavel Tretyakov built his art gallery. In 1907, the Fauves and Nabis were exhibited in Russia for the first time, whilst Kuznetsov, Larionov, and Goncharova radicalised painting and graphics. In the period from 1910 to 1914 there was a second transferral of ideas from French Cubism and Italian Futurism to the Blue Rose movement, which, in its turn, influenced the forward movements of the West.
Mikhail Guerman is head of the Modern Movements Section of the Russian Museum in St Petersburg, Professor of the History of Artistic Culture at the Teaching University of St Petersburg, and a member of the International Association of Art critics. He has written thirty books about modern art, including another study of Wrubel.
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