Henri Rousseau (1844-1910), nicknamed “Le Douanier,” is a pioneering artist of the 19th and 20th centuries. A self-educated man who never left the city limits of Paris, he drew inspiration from books recounting French expeditions to Africa and Cochinchina. Declared the “painter of exoticism” by Guillaume Apollinaire, he developed a unique style exposing the power of his imagination. Renowned primarily for his bright jungle and wild animal representations, as well as his portraits, Rousseau is a figurehead of the Naïve art movement.
Natalia Brodskaya is a curator at The State Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg. She has published monographs on Renoir, Derain, Vlaminck, and Van Dongen, as well as many books on the Fauves and Naïve art. She is currently working on a study of French painters at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th.
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